Coccydynia

Coccyodynia is a painful condition of the tailbone at the base of the spine. Treatment is usually non-operative but more invasive options are available to those in whom pain persists.

Lumbar spondylolisthesis

Lumbar spondylolisthesis and spondylolysis refer to conditions of the lumbar spine, in which alignment of the vertebrae is impaired. The condition is frequently caused by degenerative changes of the spine, however trauma may additionally play a role. Operative and non-operative treatment methods are available.

Low back pain

Low back pain is common and usually self-limited. Health care providers look for the presence of certain "red flag" signs to rule out serious underlying causes of low back pain, including spinal infection or cancer. Low back pain has a high cost to society due to lost days at work and lost income.