Cervical spinal stenosis

Cervical spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spaces, which are normally available for the spinal cord and the nerves, become narrowed. Spinal cord or nerve root compression may result and neck, shoulder, arm and hand symptoms may result. In severe cases major disability from myelopathy may result. Treatment options may be nonsurgical or surgical, depending on the degree of stenosis and severity of symptoms.

Low back pain

Low back pain is common and usually self-limited. Health care providers look for the presence of certain "red flag" signs to rule out serious underlying causes of low back pain, including spinal infection or cancer. Low back pain has a high cost to society due to lost days at work and lost income.