Low back pain is common and usually self-limited. Health care providers look for the presence of certain "red flag" signs to rule out serious underlying causes of low back pain, including spinal infection or cancer. Low back pain has a high cost to society due to lost days at work and lost income.
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alignment anterior cervical fusion arachnoiditis bone harvest central canal cervical spine coccydynia coccygectomy coccyx cord cord compression cordoma decompression degeneration disability discectomy fall foramina gait disturbance Gill fragment injection instrumentation laminectomy laminotomy lateral recess lumbar lumbar fusion lumbosacral junction manipulations myelopathy nerve root neurogenic claudication pain pars defect pars intervertebralis radiculopathy spacer spinal instability spinal stability spondylolisthesis spondylolysis stenosis tailbone tumor vertebral