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Coccyodynia is a painful condition of the tailbone at the base of the spine. Treatment is usually non-operative but more invasive options are available to those in whom pain persists.

Cervical spinal stenosis

Cervical spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spaces, which are normally available for the spinal cord and the nerves, become narrowed. Spinal cord or nerve root compression may result and neck, shoulder, arm and hand symptoms may result. In severe cases major disability from myelopathy may result. Treatment options may be nonsurgical or surgical, depending on the degree of stenosis and severity of symptoms.

Lumbar spondylolisthesis

Lumbar spondylolisthesis and spondylolysis refer to conditions of the lumbar spine, in which alignment of the vertebrae is impaired. The condition is frequently caused by degenerative changes of the spine, however trauma may additionally play a role. Operative and non-operative treatment methods are available.

Degenerative changes of the spine

Spinal degeneration are changes, which occur at varying speed in every individual as a consequence of the aging of bone and connective tissues. Spinal degenerative changes may lead to nerve compression and loss of function

Low back pain

Low back pain is common and usually self-limited. Health care providers look for the presence of certain "red flag" signs to rule out serious underlying causes of low back pain, including spinal infection or cancer. Low back pain has a high cost to society due to lost days at work and lost income.